A comma before and removes the ambiguity: To my parents, Ayn Rand, and God. There's no problem there, though. Does your agency, client, or company adhere to one style guide over another? Putting in the Oxford comma would have made it look like distribution was an exempt activity in itself. That depends on whether you're for or against the Oxford comma -- perhaps the most hotly contested punctuation mark of all time. To comma, or not to comma? However, without a discussion of what punctuation is for, and what modern trends in punctuation are, we would have no context in which to place the Oxford comma.
The second excerpt is slightly longer and contains 20 pieces of punctuation. But I suppose that makes sense, the small minority pretending that it alone knows what is best for the whole. Dave: We are not arguing about scientific facts that can be proven right or wrong based on research and the scientific method. Well, again, the answer is no. To convey an idea, we must provide a conveyance: a method of carrying readers from one place to another. To Comma or Not to Comma To this day, there is no clear-cut, decisive ruling on the use of the Oxford comma.
If a sentence needs an Oxford comma to make itself clear, then the writer should find another way to resolve ambiguity. Use when necessary—otherwise, it's just clutter to slow you down. . As this is a correct use of the reflexive pronoun. The first passage is from the 1880 edition, the second is from the 2005 edition. We do know there is more than one.
A majority of American mandate use of the serial comma, including , , , and 's , and the Style Manual. His movies will be limited as a result. And the people who haven broken the mold, like Hemingway, James, Wallace, and Shakespeare, did so because they were masters of the conventional. Example: I love Beyoncé, Miss Piggy and my parents. To the extent that they help the reader, they are common. If a film maker thought that pausing on a camera shot was a logical delimiter, for the purpose of separating different shots, he may well be right on some level and he may well make good films with that knowledge.
It was precisely this type of ambiguity that led to the Maine case. Or am I addressing Mary? For example: I went there with three people: my friend, Keith; a clown with a drinking problem; and my pastor, who is neither the clown nor Keith. Depriving a worker of overtime pay for overtime, that is contrary to the purpose of our labor laws. As an infographic from OnlineSchools. In contrast, the advises against it. The reality is that the reader needs little punctuation. So these are the two main purposes of punctuation.
Those who do not use the serial comma feel as though they belong to a long line of prestigious writers and journalists and have such an uncanny affinity for writing that their syntax never errs on the side of confusion. Damn those old, white bastards for controlling how your unique 2017 art reads. Does that make any sense? It is used less often in , but a few British style guides require it, notably. The term itself is referred to by many other names, such as serial comma, series comma, and Harvard comma. Matt DiVenere: The Oxford comma is for lazy writers who are too drunk to not realize they're rambling on and on. However, neither is the reader confused. Noticeably this includes two dashes - punctuation marks that were certainly used in the past, but which have become much much more popular in recent years.
In the end, aren't we writers facing the same existential crisis? However, the Oxford comma can help to avoid ambiguity,. Most writers recommend the literary style in college writing to avoid possible confusion. But, Oxford objectors argue that any ambiguity can be avoided by changing the order of a list, instead of adding punctuation. Nowadays exclamation marks are rare; where often there would be a colon there is a comma; the semi-colon is eschewed completely by many, but not this, writer. We are onto the subject of aesthetics. Yes, Oxford and serial are interchangeable. People have been splitting infinitives for centuries, especially in spoken English, and avoiding a split infinitive can sound clumsy.
The point of that meme is that Oxford commas are important and necessary and always add clarity. However, the last comma can serve to resolve ambiguity, particularly when any of the items are compound terms joined by a conjunction, and it is sometimes helpful to the reader to use an isolated serial comma for clarification even when the convention has not been adopted in the rest of the text. British English writers for the Oxford University Press often have to keep reminding themselves to use it. That makes sense even without any punctuation, although the punctuation does help with the reading. Is there any way you can say it so that the unintentional humorous ambiguity is removed? I'm just saying that you need to be open to other ways of doing things.